Since 1991, scientists from 45 nations have participated in seven International Conferences on Serpentine Ecology (ICSE) and the latest was the 8th conference in Malaysia in June 2014. The conferences are always highlighting a region with intriguing serpentine soil-biota relations and previous conferences have been held in the US, New Caledonia, South Africa, Cuba, Italy and Portugal. The conferences have become an international forum to discuss and synthesize international multidisciplinary research, and have offered opportunities for scientists in different fields and from different regions of the world to conduct joint research. Conference delegates have come from all corners of the world, including Albania, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Cuba, Czech Republic, DR Congo, France, Germany, Greece, Iran, Italy, Japan, New Caledonia, Korea, New Zealand, Portugal, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, UK, and USA.

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